06/16/2017 - Role of transporters in drug ADME
Erdő F, Nagy I, Tóth B, Bui A, Molnár É, Tímár Z, Magnan R, Krajcsi P.
Brain Res Bull. 2017 Jun;132:232-236. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2017.06.013. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
Seliciclib displayed limited brain exposure in vivo in adult rats with mature blood-brain barrier (BBB). Selicilib was shown to be a specific substrate of human ABCB1 in vitro. To demonstrate that ABCB1/Abcb1 can limit brain exposure in vivo in mice we are showing that seliciclib is a substrate of mouse Abcb1a, the murine ABCB1 ortholog expressed in the BBB as LLC-PK-Abcb1a cells displayed an efflux ratio (ER) of 15.31±3.54 versus an ER of 1.44±0.10 in LLC-PK1-mock cells. Additionally, in the presence of LY335979, an ABCB1/Abcb1a specific inhibitor, the observed ER for seliciclib in the LLC-PK1-mMdr1a cells decreased to 1.05±0.25. To demonstrate in vivo relevance of seliciclib transport by Abcb1a mouse brain microdialysis experiments were carried out that showed that the AUCbrain/AUCblood ratio of 0.143 in anesthetized mice increased about two-fold to 0.279 in the presence of PSC833 another ABCB1/Abcb1a specific inhibitor. PSC833 also increased the brain exposure (AUCbrain) of seliciclib close to 2-fold (136 vs 242) in awake mice. In sum, Abcb1a significantly decreases seliciclib permeability in vitro and is partly responsible for limited brain exposure of seliciclib in vivo in mice.open_in_new Read the Source