10/09/2020 - Role of transporters in drug ADME
Rucha Sane 1, Kit Wun Kathy Cheung 2, Péter Kovács 2, Taleah Farasyn 2, Ruina Li 2, Annamaria Bui 2, Luna Musib 2, Emese Kis 2, Emile Plise 2, Zsuzsanna Gáborik 3
PMID: 33037044 DOI: 10.1124/dmd.120.000149
Organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1/3-mediated drug-drug interaction (DDI) potential is evaluated in vivo with rosuvastatin (RST) as a probe substrate in clinical studies. We calibrated our assay with RST and estradiol 17-β-D-glucuronide (E217βG)/cholecystokinin-8 (CCK8) as in vitro probes for qualitative and quantitative prediction of OATP1B-mediated DDI potential for RST. In vitro OATP1B1/1B3 inhibition using E217βG and CCK8 yielded higher area under the curve (AUC) ratio (AUCR) values numerically with the static model, but all probes performed similarly from a qualitative cutoff-based prediction, as described in regulatory guidances. However, the magnitudes of DDI were not captured satisfactorily. Considering that clearance of RST is also mediated by gut breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), inhibition of BCRP was also incorporated in the DDI prediction if the gut inhibitor concentrations were 10 × IC50 for BCRP inhibition. This combined static model closely predicted the magnitude of RST DDI with root-mean-square error values of 0.767-0.812 and 1.24-1.31 with and without BCRP inhibition, respectively, for in vitro-in vivo correlation of DDI. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling was also used to simulate DDI between RST and rifampicin, asunaprevir, and velpatasvir. Predicted AUCR for rifampicin and asunaprevir was within 1.5-fold of that observed, whereas that for velpatasvir showed a 2-fold underprediction. Overall, the combined static model incorporating both OATP1B and BCRP inhibition provides a quick and simple mathematical approach to quantitatively predict the magnitude of transporter-mediated DDI for RST for routine application. PBPK complements the static model and provides a framework for studying molecules when a dynamic model is needed. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Using 22 drugs, we show that a static model for organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1/1B3 inhibition can qualitatively predict potential for drug-drug interaction (DDI) using a cutoff-based approach, as in regulatory guidances. However, consideration of both OATP1B1/3 and gut breast cancer resistance protein inhibition provided a better prediction of the magnitude of the transporter-mediated DDI of these inhibitors with rosuvastatin. Based on these results, we have proposed an empirical mechanistic-static approach for a more reliable prediction of transporter-mediated DDI liability with rosuvastatin that drug development teams can leverage.
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