09/13/2020 - Role of transporters in drug ADME
Zsolt Sáfár 1, Gábor Kecskeméti 2, Judit Molnár 3, Anita Kurunczi 4, Zoltán Szabó 5, Tamás Janáky 6, Emese Kis 7, Péter Krajcsi 8
PMID: 33059043 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejps.2020.105593
BCRP / ABCG2 is a key determinant of pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs. Several BCRP substrates and inhibitors are of low passive permeability, and the vesicular transport assay works well in this permeability space. Membranes were prepared from BCRP-HEK293, MCF-7/MX, and baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells with (BCRP-Sf9-HAM), and without (BCRP-Sf9) cholesterol loading. Km values for three substrates - estrone-3-sulfate, sulfasalazine, topotecan - correlated well between the four expression systems. In contrast, a 10-20-fold range in Vmax values was observed, with BCRP-HEK293 membranes possessing the largest dynamic range. IC50 values of the different test systems were similar to each other, with 94.4% of pairwise comparisons being within 3-fold. Substrate dependent inhibition showed somewhat greater variation, as 81.4% of IC50 values in the BCRP-HEK293 membranes were within 3-fold in pairwise comparisons. Overall, BCRP-HEK293 membranes demonstrated the highest activity. The IC50 values showed good concordance but substrate dependent inhibition was observed for some drugs.
Keywords: ABCG2; BCRP; HEK293-BCRP; substrate-dependent inhibition; vesicular transport.
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